К.р. для А-5307



Требования к оформлению контрольной работы

 

1. Контрольная работа выполняется на компьютере на одной стороне листа. Текст рекомендуется печатать, соблюдая на формате А4 (210x297 мм) указанные ниже размеры полей. Технические требования к тексту:

Шрифт - Times New Roman.

Тип основного текста: обычный, размер 12 пт.

Шрифт заголовков разделов: полужирный, размер 14 пт.

Шрифт заголовков подразделов, пунктов и подпунктов полужирный, размер 14 пт.

Поля документа: левое - 30 мм; правое - 10 мм; верхнее - 15 мм; нижнее - 20 мм.

Отступ первой строки – 1,25 см.

Размер шрифта 14.

Межстрочный интервал полуторный.

Выравнивание текста – по ширине.

Номер страницы проставляется арабской цифрой без точки в правом верхнем ее углу. Нумерация страниц обязательна. Считаются все страницы, начиная с титульного листа, но на самом титульном листе номер страницы не ставится.

 

2. Титульный лист контрольной работы должен содержать следующую информацию (см. форму титульного листа):

Название колледжа.

ФИО студента.

Домашний адрес студента.

Номер курса и группы.

Код и наименование специальности.

Наименование дисциплины.

Номер варианта.

ФИО преподавателя.

Подпись преподавателя.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Повторите следующие грамматические темы:

1. Plural number of nouns

2. Personal and possessive pronouns

3. Articles

4. Present Simple and Present Continuous

5. Future Simple and Future Continuous

6. Present Perfect

7. Past Simple, Past Continuous and Past Perfect

8. Infinitive

9. The Passive Voice

 

Variant I

I. Put the following sentences into plural.

1. This is a star. 2. This is a boy. 3. This is a baby. 4. That is a plate. 5. That is a flower. 6. That is a bookshelf. 7. Is this a sofa? 8. Is this a bookcase? 9. Is this a man? 10. Is that a ball?

 

II. Put personal or possessive pronoun.

1. … like my job very much. 2. They like to go to the cinema together with … friends. 3. Do … do your homework every day? 4. My aunt has three children and loves … children very much. 5. … have our lessons in the morning. 6. My brother doesn’t live with us. He has … own family. 7. I do … best to study well. 8. My parents like traveling. Last year … went to Italy. 9. My sister goes to school. Every day … has six lessons. 10. I and my mom like to do … shopping together.

 

III. Put articles where necessary.

... Africa is ... very large continent lying to ... south of ... Europe and to ... south-west of ... Asia to which it is joined by ... Isthmus of Suez. Less than one hundred years ago ... men knew almost nothing of ... middle of ... continent. ... travellers from ... Europe made ... long journeys into ... cen­tre but they met with ... terrible difficulties, for ... continent is covered with ... forests full of ... fearful wild animals. Some travellers died of … hunger or ... thirst or ... strange illnesses, ... oth­ers were killed by ... lions, still ... others by ... natives; but nevertheless bold men were found ready to go along ... rivers into ... heart of ... Africa. The merchants who came from ... European coun­tries had much to sell, and here were ... millions of ... people ready to buy; here was ... country, ... richness of which was unimaginable.

 

IV. Put the verbs in brackets into Present Simple or Present Continuous Tense.

1. I (not to drink) coffee now. I (to write) an English exercise. 2. I (not to drink) coffee in the evening. I (to drink) coffee in the morning. 3. Your friend (to do) his homework now? 4. Your friend (to go) to school in the morning? 5. Look! The baby (to sleep). 6. The baby always (to sleep) after dinner. 7. My grandmother (not to work). She is on pension. 8. My father (not to sleep) now. He (to work) in the garden. 9. I usually (to get) up at seven o'clock in the morning. 10. What your sister (to do) now? - She (to wash) her face and hands. 11. When you usually (to come) home from school? I (to come) at three o'clock. 12. Where your cousin (to work)? - He (to work) at a hospital. 13. Your sister (to study) at an institute? -No, she (to study) at school. 14. My cousin (to go) to school every day. 15. My mother (not to play) the piano now. She (to play) the piano in the morning.

 

V. Put the verbs in brackets into Future Simple or Future Continuous Tense.

1. I (to do) my homework tomorrow. 2. I (to do) my homework at six o'clock tomorrow. 3. When I come home tomorrow, my family (to have) supper. 4. When you come to my place tomorrow, I (to read) your book. 5. Don't come to my place tomor­row. I (to write) a composition the whole evening. 6. I (not to go) to the cinema tomorrow. I (to watch) TV the whole evening. 7. What you (to do) tomor­row? 8. What you (to do) at eight o'clock tomor­row?

 

VI. Put the verbs in brackets into Present Perfect or Past Simple Tense.

1. At last I (to do) all my homework: now I shall go out. 2. The building of the house (to begin) early in April. 3. The rain (to stop) but a cold wind is still blowing. 4. We already (to solve) the problem. 5. He (to come) a moment ago. 6. I never (to speak) to him. 7. He just (to finish) his work. 8. You (to make) any spelling mistakes in your dictation? 9. It (to be) very cold yesterday. 10. When you (to meet) him?

 

VII. Put the verbs in brackets into Past Simple, Past Continuous or Past Perfect Tense.

1. By eight o'clock yesterday I (to do) my home­work and at eight I (to play) the piano. 2. By six o'clock father (to come) home and at six he (to have) dinner. 3. By nine o'clock yesterday grand­mother (to wash) the dishes and at nine she (to watch) TV. 4. When I (to meet) Tom, he (to eat) an ice-cream which he (to buy) at the corner of the street. 5. When I (to come) home, my sister (to read) a book which she (to bring) from the library. 6. When mother (to come) home, the children (to eat) the soup which she (to cook) in the morning. 7. When I (to ring) up Mike, he still (to learn) the poem which he (to begin) learning at school. 8. When I (to look) out of the window, the chil­dren (to play) with a ball which Pete (to bring) from home. 9. By ten o'clock the children (to set­tle) comfortably on the sofa and at ten they (to watch) a TV film. 10. When father (to come) home, we (to cook) the mushrooms which we (to gather) in the wood. 11. When I (to see) Ann, she (to sort) the flowers which she (to pick) in the field. 12. When I (to come) home yesterday, I (to see) that my little brother (to break) my pen and (to play) with its pieces.

 

VIII. Open the brackets using the correct form of the Infinitive.

1. The woman pre­tended (to read) and (not to hear) the bell. 2. You seem (to look) for trouble. 3. It seemed (to snow) heavily since early morning: the ground was cov­ered with a deep layer of snow. 4. They seemed (to quarrel): I could hear angry voices from behind the door. 5. Perhaps it would upset her (to tell) the truth of the matter. 6. They are supposed (to work) at the problem for the last two months. 7. The only sound (to hear) was the snoring of grandfather in the bedroom.

 

IX. Rewrite sentences in Passive Voice.

1. I bought potatoes yesterday. 2. We shall bring the books tomorrow. 3. They are repairing the clock now. 4. They sell milk in this shop. 5. I have trans­lated the whole text. 6. They broke the window last week. 7. When I came home, they had eaten the sweets. 8. We shall do the work in the evening. 9. He wrote this book in the 19th century. 10. They were playing tennis from four till five. 11. He stole a lot of money from the shop. 12. By six o'clock they had finished the work. 13. At twelve o'clock the workers were loading the trucks. 14. By three o'clock the workers had loaded the trucks. 15. We send our daughter to rest in the south every year.

 

X. Read and translate the text.

The American car brands

The American car brands used to lead the world in manufacturing cars in the history, but the things have changed many times. America had more than 1,800 car manufactures from 1890s to 1930s, but only a few have survived and only a few new appeared after that period. However, the American cars were legends for decades, but a long series of bad products killed the automobile industry in U.S. Of America as a whole. But the things have changed once again. These days America produces revolutionary electric vehicles, invents new conceptions of iconic sports cars, there are plenty of incredible American cars on the road that are massively produced.

Ford

Ford is a company with 110 years of existence and it is often a synonym for American car brand. Headquartered in Detroit, the company has gained reputation for innovation and transforming car brands into commodities for the masses. Actually, Ford is the best-selling American car brand in the nation with over a million sold vehicles in 2013. Its models Explorer, Fusion, Escape and all the models of F-series led the growth of sale in that year. The growth of F-series was especially impressive and sold about 300,000 cars, to become the most popular car in America. With its increased production, innovative styles and designs, lower prices and wider range of vehicles, Ford has become a leader of manufacturing typical American cars in the whole world.

Chevrolet

Chevrolet is one of the leading American car brands, especially for car-enthusiasts who admire powerful performance. Chevrolet, or also known as Chevy, has found itself among the top ranking car brand of all the world in the quality, design, style and value categories. With its newest Camaro ZL1 and iconic Corvette, there are not many car brands with such cars that can match the technology, performance and adrenalin of Camaro and Corvette. The newest Camaro ZL1 is the most powerful Camaro ever, featuring a V8 engine that delivers 580 horsepower. But not only sports cars, the company with over 100 years of existence manufacturers everyday cars and sells about a million of vehicles per year.

Cadillac

Cadillac is one of those American car brands that build their reputation as luxury brands. Cadillac was found in 1902 by Henry Leland and is the second American car brand. Its sales come mainly from U.S. Of America and Canada, but globally the sales have increased for about 25% in 2013, with about 190,000 sold cars worldwide. The number of overall sales was the biggest since 2007 and made Cadillac the fastest-growing luxury brand in 2013. Cadillac is the only American car brand that won the Dewar Trophy, which only proves how successful the company is. Just as it seems, the success is due to the newest sedans ATS and CTS, which were about 50% of the total sedan sales in 2013.

Dodge

Another classic brand that manufacturers remarkable American cars, Dodge is a popular car brand since 1900. At the beginning, it was a supplier of assemblies and parts for the automakers in Detroit only, but in 1915 began to produce cars. Dodge manufactures cars, sports utility cars and minivans, with its headquarter in Auburn Hills, Michigan. The most popular car of Dodge is the Viper, which unfortunately is not Dodge branded anymore. When the Chrysler Group split up, it was decided the Viper to belong to Ram, which was a strategy of Dodge to elevate the SRT brand. The SRT Viper mainly remained the same outstanding car and is still loved by many car-enthusiasts.

Chrysler

The last, but not the least, Chrysler is also one of the best American car brands known for its wide range of luxury cars. With its headquarter in Michigan, it was founded in 1925 and since it is a synonym for luxury American cars. Imperial is its most known model and it became a separate brand, to quickly become a top brand in its time in the whole country. But after it dropped, Chrysler was again a top brand in America. When Fiat acquired 20% stake of Chrysler, the brand was once again able to compete with Cadillac, Dodge and all the other luxury brands. Trying to globalize and modernize the brand, Chrysler changed its slogan to “America’s Import”.

 

 

 

Variant II

 

I. Put the following sentences into plural.

1. Is that a train? 2. Is that a plane? 3. Is the window open? 4. Is the door closed? 5. Is the boy near the window? 6. That is not a king. 7. That is not a queen. 8. That is not a bus. 9. This isn't a mountain. 10. That isn't a goose.

 

II. Put personal or possessive pronoun.

1. Do you have hobby? What is … hobby? 2. I have a brother. … is five years older than me. 3. We like … Literature lessons. 4. When do … have your holidays? 5. I always go for a walk with … little sister. 6. … have good relationship in our family. 7. I have three cousins. …. live in Moscow and like … city very much. 8. My friend has a nephew. … name is Andrew. 9. Do you like the dress … is wearing? 10. Ann has two sons. … sons are pupils.

 

III. Put articles where necessary.

In ... fifteenth century ... people knew only three continents: ... Europe, ... Asia and ... Africa. They knew nothing about such ... big continent as ... America. ... man who discovered ... America was born in 1451 in ... Italy. His name was Christopher Columbus. He became ... sailor at ... early age. Knowing that ... earth was round, he decided to reach ... India sailing to ... west. He tried to ar­range ... expedition, but did not have ... money, and nobody wanted to help him. At last ... king of ... Spain gave him ... money for ... expedition. He set ... sail in 1492. ... voyage was very dangerous and difficult. On ... 12th of ... October his ship reached ... land. When they landed, they saw ... strange trees and ... flowers. ... men and ... wom­en with ... olive-coloured skins gathered around ... sailors and looked at them with ... great surprise Columbus was sure that he had discovered ... new way to ... India. Some time later ... other sailor reached ... America. ... name of ... sailor was Amerigo Vespucci. He understood that it was ... new continent.

 

IV. Put the verbs in brackets into Present Simple or Present Continuous Tense.

1. I (to read) books in the evening. 2. I (not to read) books in the morning. 3. I (to write) an exer­cise now. 4. I (not to write) a letter now. 5. They (to play) in the yard now. 6. They (not to play) in the street now. 7. They (to play) in the room now? 8. He (to help) his mother every day. 9. He (to help) his mother every day? 10. He (not to help) his mother every day. 11. You (to go) to school on Sunday? 12. My friend (not to like) to play foot­ball. 13. I (not to read) now. 14. He (to sleep) now? 15. We (not to go) to the country in winter.

 

V. Put the verbs in brackets into Future Simple or Future Continuous Tense.

1. You (to play) volley-ball tomorrow? 2. You (to do) this work this time next Sunday? 3. When you (to go) to see your friend next time? 4. Tomorrow I (to begin) doing my homework as soon as I come from school. 5. I (to do) my homework from three till six. 6. My father (to come) home at seven o'clock tomorrow. 7. I (to do) all my homework, and we (to go) for a walk together. 8. This tie next year we (to have) rest at the seaside.

 

VI. Put the verbs in brackets into Present Perfect or Past Simple Tense.

1. I already (to do) my homework. Now I can go for a walk. 2. I (to do) my homework yesterday. 3. He just (to come) home. 4. He (to come) home a minute ago. 5. Nick (to play) football yesterday. 6. She already (to come) from school. Now she is doing her homework. 7. I (to read) this book last year. 8. I (to read) this book this year. 9. I never (to be) to Washington. 10. You ever (to be) to New York?

 

VII. Put the verbs in brackets into Past Simple, Past Continuous or Past Perfect Tense.

1. I (to sit) in an armchair and (to think) of my coming trip across the North Sea when the door suddenly (to open) and an old friend of mine whom I (not to see) for a very long time (to enter) the room. 2. She (to come) to see us just at the time when we (to have) dinner. It (to be) the first time I (to see) her. 3. I (to see) him just as he (to leave) the hotel. 4. I (not to see) him before we (to meet) at the concert. 5. He (to leave) the house before I (to have) time to ask him anything. 6. He (to tell) me he (to learn) it from the newspaper. 7. He (to enter) the room, (to take) something from the desk and (to go) out. 8. There (to be) two men in the room. One of them (to write) something while the other (to read) a newspaper. 9. He (not to tell) me that he (to receive) a telegram from her. 10. I (to ask) him if he (to know) where she (to live). I (to say) I (not to know) her address. 11. He (to ask) me if I (can) give him your address. 12. She (to say) that he (to give) her the wrong address.

 

VIII. Open the brackets using the correct form of the Infinitive.

1. I hate (to bother) you, but the students are still waiting (to give) books for their work. 2. He seized every opportunity (to appear) in public: he was so anxious (to talk) about. 3. Is there anything else (to tell) her? I believe she deserves (to know) the state of her sick brother. 4. He began writing books not because he wanted (to earn) a living. He wanted (to read) and not (to forget). 5. I consider myself lucky (to be) to that famous exhibition and (to see) so many wonderful paintings. 6. He seems (to know) French very well: he is said (to spend) his youth in Paris. 7. The enemy army was reported (to overthrow) the defense lines and (to advance) towards the suburbs of the city.

 

IX. Rewrite sentences in Passive Voice.

1. They did not invite her to the party. 2. I did not leave the window open. 3. They did not turn off the light. 4. I have invited some friends to tea 5. She has given me an English book. 6. Have you written the letter yet? 7. They have told us a lot оf interesting things. 8. The students have written the test-paper without mistakes. 9. The children have scattered about a lot of things. 10. The girl has put all the books into the bookcase. 11. Snow will cover the fields in winter. 12. They will hand in the homework tomorrow. 13. I don't think we shall finish all the preparations today. 14. She always invites me to her dinner parties. 15. Shot showed me the dress which her daughter had made.

 

X. Read and translate the text.

The American car brands

The American car brands used to lead the world in manufacturing cars in the history, but the things have changed many times. America had more than 1,800 car manufactures from 1890s to 1930s, but only a few have survived and only a few new appeared after that period. However, the American cars were legends for decades, but a long series of bad products killed the automobile industry in U.S. Of America as a whole. But the things have changed once again. These days America produces revolutionary electric vehicles, invents new conceptions of iconic sports cars, there are plenty of incredible American cars on the road that are massively produced.

Ford

Ford is a company with 110 years of existence and it is often a synonym for American car brand. Headquartered in Detroit, the company has gained reputation for innovation and transforming car brands into commodities for the masses. Actually, Ford is the best-selling American car brand in the nation with over a million sold vehicles in 2013. Its models Explorer, Fusion, Escape and all the models of F-series led the growth of sale in that year. The growth of F-series was especially impressive and sold about 300,000 cars, to become the most popular car in America. With its increased production, innovative styles and designs, lower prices and wider range of vehicles, Ford has become a leader of manufacturing typical American cars in the whole world.

Chevrolet

Chevrolet is one of the leading American car brands, especially for car-enthusiasts who admire powerful performance. Chevrolet, or also known as Chevy, has found itself among the top ranking car brand of all the world in the quality, design, style and value categories. With its newest Camaro ZL1 and iconic Corvette, there are not many car brands with such cars that can match the technology, performance and adrenalin of Camaro and Corvette. The newest Camaro ZL1 is the most powerful Camaro ever, featuring a V8 engine that delivers 580 horsepower. But not only sports cars, the company with over 100 years of existence manufacturers everyday cars and sells about a million of vehicles per year.

Cadillac

Cadillac is one of those American car brands that build their reputation as luxury brands. Cadillac was found in 1902 by Henry Leland and is the second American car brand. Its sales come mainly from U.S. Of America and Canada, but globally the sales have increased for about 25% in 2013, with about 190,000 sold cars worldwide. The number of overall sales was the biggest since 2007 and made Cadillac the fastest-growing luxury brand in 2013. Cadillac is the only American car brand that won the Dewar Trophy, which only proves how successful the company is. Just as it seems, the success is due to the newest sedans ATS and CTS, which were about 50% of the total sedan sales in 2013.

Dodge

Another classic brand that manufacturers remarkable American cars, Dodge is a popular car brand since 1900. At the beginning, it was a supplier of assemblies and parts for the automakers in Detroit only, but in 1915 began to produce cars. Dodge manufactures cars, sports utility cars and minivans, with its headquarter in Auburn Hills, Michigan. The most popular car of Dodge is the Viper, which unfortunately is not Dodge branded anymore. When the Chrysler Group split up, it was decided the Viper to belong to Ram, which was a strategy of Dodge to elevate the SRT brand. The SRT Viper mainly remained the same outstanding car and is still loved by many car-enthusiasts.

Chrysler

The last, but not the least, Chrysler is also one of the best American car brands known for its wide range of luxury cars. With its headquarter in Michigan, it was founded in 1925 and since it is a synonym for luxury American cars. Imperial is its most known model and it became a separate brand, to quickly become a top brand in its time in the whole country. But after it dropped, Chrysler was again a top brand in America. When Fiat acquired 20% stake of Chrysler, the brand was once again able to compete with Cadillac, Dodge and all the other luxury brands. Trying to globalize and modernize the brand, Chrysler changed its slogan to “America’s Import”.

 

Variant III

 

I. Put the following sentences into plural.

1. This isn't a mouse. 2. It is a sheep. 3. It is a cigarette. 4. It is a cat. 5. It is not a girl. 6. It isn't a bag. 7. It isn't a tree. 8. It is not a bad egg. 9. It is a good egg. 10. Is that a flower?

II. Put personal or possessive pronoun.

1. … like to play with my little brother when … have free time. 2. I have a question to you. Where do … usually spend … holidays? 3. What a nice cat you have! What is … name? 4. Mary has a big house. … house is in the countryside. 5. Tom has many good friends and one best friend. … name is Oleg. 6. Look at that girl! What is … doing? 7. … can always rely on our parents. … will always help us in difficult situations. 8. We usually have … holidays together. 9. Look at the boy! … is going to fall from the tree. 10. I usually spend … weekend going to … relatives.

III. Put articles where necessary.

Dickens, ... clerk at ... office in ... Portsmouth, and was named Charles. He had ... sister who was older than himself, and there were several other children in ... family. When Charles was seven, he was sent to ... school. He was not... strong child. He did not like to play ... crick­et or .. football and spent all his free time reading. In 1821 ... family went to ... London, and little Charles left behind him ... happiest years of his childhood. His father was in ... money difficulties, and ... family became poorer and poorer. ... boy had to give up his studios. Mr. Dickens was put into ... debtors' prison. Little Charles learned to know all horrors and cruelty of ... large capitalist city. He had to go to work at... blacking factory. He worked there from ... morning till ... night. When his fa­ther came out of prison, Charles was sent to ... school for some time. Soon he got work as ... clerk. Then he learned ... stenography and became ... reporter; in Parliament. In 1836 at... age of 24 Charles Dickens published his first book. It was ... collection of ... stories. ... title of ... book was "Sketches by Boz." There were followed by "Pickwick Papers" and "Ol­iver Twist" and many other famous novels. Charles Dickens is one of ... greatest writers of ... 19th century. His novels are now translated into most languages of ... world.

 

IV. Put the verbs in brackets into Present Simple or Present Continuous Tense.

1. They (to read) many books. 2. They (to read) many books? 3. They (not to read) many books. 4. The children (to eat) soup now. 5. The children (to eat) soup now? 6. The children (not to eat) soup now. 7. You (to play) volley-ball well? 8. When you (to play) volley-ball? 9. What Nick (to do) in the evening? 10. He (to go) to the cinema in the evening? 11. We (not to dance) every day. 12. Look! Kate (to dance). 13. Kate (to sing) well? 14. Where he (to go) in the morning? 15. He (not to sleep) after dinner.

 

V. Put the verbs in brackets into Future Simple or Future Continuous Tense.

1. What you (to do) from 5 till 7 tomorrow? 2. I hope it (not to snow) tomorrow. 3. You (to come) to me tomorrow? 4. My father (not to watch) TV at this time tomorrow. 5. In five years’ time people (to fly) to the Moon for holidays. 6. I am sure he (to pass) all his exams. 7. When my friend comes tomorrow we (to play) football. 8. In the future life (to become) easier and better.

 

VI. Put the verbs in brackets into Present Perfect or Past Simple Tense.

1. We (to travel) around Europe last year. 2. My father knows so much because he (to travel) a lot. 3. I (to see) Pete today. 4. She (to see) this film last Sunday. 5. Alex (to meet) his friend two hours ago. 6. I just (to meet) our teacher. 7. The children already (to decide) what to do with the books. 8. Yesterday they (to decide) to help their grandmother. 9. Helen speaks French so well because she (to live) in France. 10. She (to live) there last year.

 

VII. Put the verbs in brackets into Past Simple, Past Continuous or Past Perfect Tense.

1. When I called at his house, they (to tell) me that he (to leave) an hour before. 2. When I came to the station, I (not to) find my friend there as I (to be) five minutes late and the train (to leave). 3. He (to want) to visit the place where he (to live) in his childhood. 4. The telegram (to come) some minutes after he (to leave). 5. She (to look) very tired as she (to work) hard. 6. I (to return) to the hotel only late at night as I (to lose) my way in the fog. When I (to come) up to my room, I (to see) Pete who (to stand) at the door of the room. He (to wait) for me as he (to lose) his key and could not get in. 7. When I (to wake) up, it (to be) already ten o'clock. I (to call) my brother. Nobody (to answer). He already (to leave). 8. I (to go) up to the open window. The rain (to stop) and the sun (to shine) brightly. The birds in the garden (to sing). The morning (to be) fine. 9. When the rain (to stop) I (to look) out of the window and (to see) John who (to stand) under a tree waiting for me. 10. I (to ask) him where he (to put) my letter. 11. He (to tell) us that they (to spend) all the money. 12. After spending several days in Paris he (to feel) lonely and (to want) to return home.

 

VIII. Open the brackets using the correct form of the Infinitive.

1. She hoped (to help) by her friends. 2. I hope (to see) you soon. 3. We expect (to be) back in two days. 4. He expected (to help) by the teacher. 5. The children seem (to play) since morning. 6. I am glad (to do) all the homework yesterday. 7. She seems (to work) at this problem ever since she came here.

 

IX. Rewrite sentences in Passive Voice.

1. We turn on the light when it is dark. 2. The students finished their translation in time. 3. Helen washed the dishes. 4. Betty often took her young­er brother for a walk. 5. Mother has made some coffee. 6. Have you ironed your dress yet? 7. Nina mispronounced this word. 8. They have told her the truth. 9. She promised us an interesting enter­tainment. 10. One uses chalk for writing on the blackboard. 11. I shall finish my work about seven o'clock. 12. Somebody has opened the door. 13. The waitress brought in the coffee. 14. One of my friends took me to the cinema last week. 15. We shall finish this work in time.

 

X. Read and translate the text.

The American car brands

The American car brands used to lead the world in manufacturing cars in the history, but the things have changed many times. America had more than 1,800 car manufactures from 1890s to 1930s, but only a few have survived and only a few new appeared after that period. However, the American cars were legends for decades, but a long series of bad products killed the automobile industry in U.S. Of America as a whole. But the things have changed once again. These days America produces revolutionary electric vehicles, invents new conceptions of iconic sports cars, there are plenty of incredible American cars on the road that are massively produced.

Ford

Ford is a company with 110 years of existence and it is often a synonym for American car brand. Headquartered in Detroit, the company has gained reputation for innovation and transforming car brands into commodities for the masses. Actually, Ford is the best-selling American car brand in the nation with over a million sold vehicles in 2013. Its models Explorer, Fusion, Escape and all the models of F-series led the growth of sale in that year. The growth of F-series was especially impressive and sold about 300,000 cars, to become the most popular car in America. With its increased production, innovative styles and designs, lower prices and wider range of vehicles, Ford has become a leader of manufacturing typical American cars in the whole world.

Chevrolet

Chevrolet is one of the leading American car brands, especially for car-enthusiasts who admire powerful performance. Chevrolet, or also known as Chevy, has found itself among the top ranking car brand of all the world in the quality, design, style and value categories. With its newest Camaro ZL1 and iconic Corvette, there are not many car brands with such cars that can match the technology, performance and adrenalin of Camaro and Corvette. The newest Camaro ZL1 is the most powerful Camaro ever, featuring a V8 engine that delivers 580 horsepower. But not only sports cars, the company with over 100 years of existence manufacturers everyday cars and sells about a million of vehicles per year.

Cadillac

Cadillac is one of those American car brands that build their reputation as luxury brands. Cadillac was found in 1902 by Henry Leland and is the second American car brand. Its sales come mainly from U.S. Of America and Canada, but globally the sales have increased for about 25% in 2013, with about 190,000 sold cars worldwide. The number of overall sales was the biggest since 2007 and made Cadillac the fastest-growing luxury brand in 2013. Cadillac is the only American car brand that won the Dewar Trophy, which only proves how successful the company is. Just as it seems, the success is due to the newest sedans ATS and CTS, which were about 50% of the total sedan sales in 2013.

Dodge

Another classic brand that manufacturers remarkable American cars, Dodge is a popular car brand since 1900. At the beginning, it was a supplier of assemblies and parts for the automakers in Detroit only, but in 1915 began to produce cars. Dodge manufactures cars, sports utility cars and minivans, with its headquarter in Auburn Hills, Michigan. The most popular car of Dodge is the Viper, which unfortunately is not Dodge branded anymore. When the Chrysler Group split up, it was decided the Viper to belong to Ram, which was a strategy of Dodge to elevate the SRT brand. The SRT Viper mainly remained the same outstanding car and is still loved by many car-enthusiasts.

Chrysler

The last, but not the least, Chrysler is also one of the best American car brands known for its wide range of luxury cars. With its headquarter in Michigan, it was founded in 1925 and since it is a synonym for luxury American cars. Imperial is its most known model and it became a separate brand, to quickly become a top brand in its time in the whole country. But after it dropped, Chrysler was again a top brand in America. When Fiat acquired 20% stake of Chrysler, the brand was once again able to compete with Cadillac, Dodge and all the other luxury brands. Trying to globalize and modernize the brand, Chrysler changed its slogan to “America’s Import”.

 

Variant IV

I. Put the following sentences into plural.

1. This man is an engineer. 2. That woman is my sister. 3. This child is my son. 4. That goose is big. 5. This mouse is white. 6. This man is a doc­tor. 7. That woman is my cousin. She is a teacher. 8. That girl is my niece. She is a pupil. 9. This girl has a blue sweater. 10. This boy has a good coat.

 

II. Put personal or possessive pronoun.

1. My relatives live in a village. … village is not far from Samara. 2. We visit … grandparents every Sunday. 3. The teacher says to the class, “Open … books on page 21 and read text 2.” 4. Would … like to see your photo in Cosmopolitan? 5. I have a little puppy. … name is Rex. 6. …. have my music lessons on Saturday. 7. My aunt has a daughter. … name is Julia. 8. Ann plays volleyball. … often goes to competitions to other cities. 9. Nick is a manager. … working day begins at 9 am and finishes at 6 pm. 10. … is always in time for his lessons.

 

III. Put articles where necessary.

William Shakespeare, ... greatest English playwright, was born in 1564 in ... Stratford-upon-Avon in ... England. ... Stratford is ... small coun­try town in ... farming district near ... centre of ... England. ... Avon, which is ... pretty river with ... grass and ... trees all along its banks, runs through ... Stratford. Not much is known of ... Shakespeare's father. He was ... farmer who at... different times of his life sold ... meat and bought and sold ... wool. He was poor and was often in ... money difficulties. Very little is known about ... life of his only son William also. ... little house in which ... great writer was born still stands. It is now ... museum. William went to ... school in ... Stratford. In 1586 he went to ... London. Probably ... first work he did there was at one of the two theatres that there were in ... London at that time. Then he became ... actor and soon began to write... plays for ... company of actors to which he be­longed. Shakespeare bought... largest house in his home town in 1597, but he did not spend much time there till 1610. He spent ... last years of his life mostly in ... Stratford but he often visited ... London. He died in 1616.

 

IV. Put the verbs in brackets into Present Simple or Present Continuous Tense.

1. I (to write) a composition now. 2. I (not to drink) milk now. 3. I (to go) for a walk after din­ner. 4. I (not to go) to the theatre every Sunday. 5. He (not to read) now. 6. He (to play) now. 7 He (to play) now? 8. My mother (to work) at a factory. 9. My aunt {not to work) at a shop. 10. You (to work) at an office? 11. My friend (to live) in St. Petersburg. 12. My cousin (not to live) in Moscow. 13. The children (not to sleep) now. 14. The chil­dren (to play) in the yard every day. 15. They (not to go) to the stadium on Monday.

 

V. Put the verbs in brackets into Future Simple or Future Continuous Tense.

1. I hope he (to come) soon. 2. You (to have) a party next Saturday? 3. I (to read) books from 6 till 7 tomorrow. 4. What your friend (to do) in 10 years’ time? 5. They (not to go) to Moscow next summer. 6. I (not to play) computer games in the evening tomorrow. 7. My parents (to visit) our relatives in a week or so. 8. Probably it (to rain) tomorrow.

 

VI. Put the verbs in brackets into Present Perfect or Past Simple Tense.

1. What are you (to talk) about? 2. We have just (to talk) about it. 3. He has just (to say) some­thing about it. 4. She is (to tell) them some inter­esting story. 5. He has (to tell) us nothing about it, 6. She has (to tell) them some stories about dogs. 7. We have (to have) two lessons today. 8. They are (to have) a meeting. 9. She has not (to speak) yet. 10. They have (to ask) me several ques­tions.

 

VII. Put the verbs in brackets into Past Simple, Past Continuous or Past Perfect Tense.

1. I (to think) he already (to go) home. 2. I (to find) the old man in the garden. He (to talk) to some chil­dren who (to stand) around listening to him. 3. He (to speak) a language we never (to hear) before. 4. Only when she was going to bed, she remem­bered that she (to forget) to ring up her friend. 5. He (to spend) two weeks in Scotland two years ago. 6. When she (to spend) all her money, she (to go) home. 7. I (to speak) to my friend yesterday. 8. My brother (to train) at the stadium from six till eight yesterday. 9. When Nick (to come) from school, his friends (to play) in the yard. 10. When your sister (to go) to London? 11. At this time yesterday we (to talk) about you. 12. When I was a schoolgirl I (to go) skating every Sunday.

 

VIII. Open the brackets using the correct form of the Infinitive.

1. Не seems (to read) a lot. 2. Не seems (to read) now. 3. He seems (to read) since morning. 4. He seems (to read) all the books in the library. 5. I want (to take) you to the concert. 6. I want (to take) to the concert by my father. 7. She hoped (to help) by Mends.

 

IX. Rewrite sentences in Passive Voice.

1. The students greeted the famous lecturer warmly. 2. They have recently built a huge plant in the town of N. 3. We must finish the work by tomorrow. 4. When I fell ill, my mother sent for the doctor. 5. They looked for the girl everywhere. 6. They did not listen to the boy. 7. She looks after the patients well. 8. They asked for our address. 9. My father looked through these papers this morning. 10. He will give my brother English lessons. 11. A friend of his has shown me an interesting magazine. 12. His friend told him everything. 13. They showed Helen the nearest way to the thea­tre. 14. He gave his patient some good advice. 15. Mary has told me the news.

 

X. Read and translate the text.

The American car brands

The American car brands used to lead the world in manufacturing cars in the history, but the things have changed many times. America had more than 1,800 car manufactures from 1890s to 1930s, but only a few have survived and only a few new appeared after that period. However, the American cars were legends for decades, but a long series of bad products killed the automobile industry in U.S. Of America as a whole. But the things have changed once again. These days America produces revolutionary electric vehicles, invents new conceptions of iconic sports cars, there are plenty of incredible American cars on the road that are massively produced.

Ford

Ford is a company with 110 years of existence and it is often a synonym for American car brand. Headquartered in Detroit, the company has gained reputation for innovation and transforming car brands into commodities for the masses. Actually, Ford is the best-selling American car brand in the nation with over a million sold vehicles in 2013. Its models Explorer, Fusion, Escape and all the models of F-series led the growth of sale in that year. The growth of F-series was especially impressive and sold about 300,000 cars, to become the most popular car in America. With its increased production, innovative styles and designs, lower prices and wider range of vehicles, Ford has become a leader of manufacturing typical American cars in the whole world.

Chevrolet

Chevrolet is one of the leading American car brands, especially for car-enthusiasts who admire powerful performance. Chevrolet, or also known as Chevy, has found itself among the top ranking car brand of all the world in the quality, design, style and value categories. With its newest Camaro ZL1 and iconic Corvette, there are not many car brands with such cars that can match the technology, performance and adrenalin of Camaro and Corvette. The newest Camaro ZL1 is the most powerful Camaro ever, featuring a V8 engine that delivers 580 horsepower. But not only sports cars, the company with over 100 years of existence manufacturers everyday cars and sells about a million of vehicles per year.

Cadillac

Cadillac is one of those American car brands that build their reputation as luxury brands. Cadillac was found in 1902 by Henry Leland and is the second American car brand. Its sales come mainly from U.S. Of America and Canada, but globally the sales have increased for about 25% in 2013, with about 190,000 sold cars worldwide. The number of overall sales was the biggest since 2007 and made Cadillac the fastest-growing luxury brand in 2013. Cadillac is the only American car brand that won the Dewar Trophy, which only proves how successful the company is. Just as it seems, the success is due to the newest sedans ATS and CTS, which were about 50% of the total sedan sales in 2013.

Dodge

Another classic brand that manufacturers remarkable American cars, Dodge is a popular car brand since 1900. At the beginning, it was a supplier of assemblies and parts for the automakers in Detroit only, but in 1915 began to produce cars. Dodge manufactures cars, sports utility cars and minivans, with its headquarter in Auburn Hills, Michigan. The most popular car of Dodge is the Viper, which unfortunately is not Dodge branded anymore. When the Chrysler Group split up, it was decided the Viper to belong to Ram, which was a strategy of Dodge to elevate the SRT brand. The SRT Viper mainly remained the same outstanding car and is still loved by many car-enthusiasts.

Chrysler

The last, but not the least, Chrysler is also one of the best American car brands known for its wide range of luxury cars. With its headquarter in Michigan, it was founded in 1925 and since it is a synonym for luxury American cars. Imperial is its most known model and it became a separate brand, to quickly become a top brand in its time in the whole country. But after it dropped, Chrysler was again a top brand in America. When Fiat acquired 20% stake of Chrysler, the brand was once again able to compete with Cadillac, Dodge and all the other luxury brands. Trying to globalize and modernize the brand, Chrysler changed its slogan to “America’s Import”.

 

 

 

Внимание, только СЕГОДНЯ!

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